While a few years ago, mental illness still represented a taboo subject, is now reported increasingly open about psychological problems and psychotherapy. When mental illness is frequently advised to cognitive behavior therapy. But what really lies behind behavior therapy?
Behavior therapy as part of psychotherapy
A vast variety of therapeutic offers promises help in alleviating mental health problems nowadays. But not all psychotherapeutic treatment services that you can avail are recognized as a medicinal treatment. The behavioral therapy is one of the few directions of psychotherapy, their effectiveness has been widely proven scientifically. The behavioral therapy is, in addition to psychoanalytic psychotherapy and psychodynamic psychotherapy, one of three psychotherapeutic directions, their treatment costs in Germany by the health insurance are accepted.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
The behavior therapy originated approximately in the middle of the 20th century and was based heavily on externally visible at the beginning, “disturbed” behavior of the patients. However, it soon became clear that not only the behavior, but also thoughts and feelings need to be changed a patient to treat a mental illness in the long term. Thus, the unfavorable change thinking styles (cognitions) was incorporated as an integral component of therapy over time.Therefore, one speaks today of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Cognitive behavior therapy combines the meantime a variety of specific trouble and trouble-border exercises, techniques and methods that are compiled individually for each patient.
Behavioral therapy for mental illness
Numerous scientific studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of behavioral therapy treatments for many mental disorders in recent years. These mental disorders are treated primarily with cognitive behavioral therapy, include, for example:
- Anxiety disorders
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Eating Disorders
At the beginning of behavior therapy developed by the therapist with the patient together a disturbance model , which describes how the error originated and maintained. Subsequently, a treatment plan is created, in which various therapeutic elements can be used flexibly.
Methods of behavior therapy
The best known methods of behavioral therapy are probably the most exposure and confrontation methods that are frequently used, for example, in anxiety and panic disorders and compulsions. The patient seeks the situations from which he fears most, quite deliberately. For example, a patient increases with vertigo on a very high tower, a patient with spider fear takes a tarantula in the hand or a patient with compulsive washing does not wash for several hours hands.Additional methods of behavior therapy are, for example, systematic desensitization, relaxation techniques, methods cognitive restructuring, problem-solving training or social skills training. In contrast to other therapeutic approaches Cognitive behavioral therapy is any problems in the first place and goal-oriented. The patients work in therapy with active. They are often asked to keep diaries and logs or perform some exposures and exercises independently.
Behavior therapy in children and adolescents
Even in children and adolescents very good treatment results can be achieved with behavior therapy. A frequently occurring in childhood disorder, is indicated in the behavior therapy, for example, ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). Characteristics of ADHD are inattention, poor concentration , hyperactivity and impulsivity. A behavioral therapy can help children in a fun way to learn methods by which they can control their behavior better and more conscious control. Other disorders in adolescence, such as nocturnal enuresis, aggressive and oppositional behavior disorders, depression or anorexia (anorexia) can be treated with behavioral therapy.
Behavior therapy: Training for Therapists
How to become a behavioral therapist? A license to practice as a behavior therapist gain psychologists and medical doctors who have completed several years of training as behavior therapists for their psychology or medical school.Training in behavior therapy is offered by many private training institutions in most German cities, such as Berlin, Hamburg and Cologne.
Behavior therapy reviewed by Admin on September 20, 2014 rated 4.9 on 5.0